Something in the water: is fluoride actually good for cities?
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Canada is a vibrant multiethnic democracy that enjoys a global reputation as a defender of human rights. Despite a strong record on core civil and political rights protections guaranteed by the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, the government of Prime Minister Justin Trudeau faces longstanding human rights challenges.
Many of these relate to the rights of Indigenous peoples, including violations of their right to safe drinking water binary options canada legal drinking water police abuse of Indigenous women. Canada also grapples with serious human rights issues relating to detention, including the placement of children in immigration detention. The French and Canadian governments should be congratulated for becoming the latest countries to endorse the international political commitment known as the Safe Schools Binary options canada legal drinking water.
The government has yet to pay adequate attention to systemic poverty, housing, water, sanitation, healthcare, and education problems in Indigenous communities, particularly those binary options canada legal drinking water remote and rural areas. The United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination in September urged the government to remedy what it found were persistent violations of the rights of Indigenous peoples.
Inadequate access to clean, safe, drinking water continues to pose a major public binary options canada legal drinking water concern in many Indigenous communities. The poor quality of water on First Nations reserves has a serious impact on health and hygiene, especially for high-risk individuals—children, elders, and people with disabilities. At binary options canada legal drinking water of writing, the process to adopt safe drinking water regulations had stalled, with the largest First Nations organization in the country calling for the problematic law enabling regulations to be repealed.
Many residents of Grassy Narrows and Wabaseemoong Whitedogtwo First Nations communities along the English-Wabigoon River in northwestern Ontario, continue to live with mercury poisoning due to contamination from a now-closed chemical plant upstream in Dryden.
While the Ontario Environment Ministry said it was unaware of the contamination untila confidential report made public in October noted that provincial officials were told in the s that the site was contaminated and that some groundwater samples taken at the site in recent years still show high levels of mercury.
Indigenous women and girls are more vulnerable to violence than their non-Indigenous counterparts in every province and territory of Canada. While Indigenous women only make up 4.
In its inquiry into the murders and disappearances of Indigenous women and girls, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights affirmed that racial discrimination and socio-economic marginalization were root causes of the violence. In Septemberthe Canadian government launched a two-year national inquiry into missing and murdered Indigenous women and girls. The inquiry is tasked with examining the root causes and institutional responses to high levels of violence. To date, Canada has made only limited progress to ensure that police are accountable for these policing failures.
Lack of accountability for policing abuses against Indigenous women exacerbates long-standing tensions between police and Indigenous communities in Canada. However, Canadian law and policy do not prohibit immigration detention of children and do not limit how long children can be held in immigration detention. Human Rights Watch and other groups have called on Canadian authorities to ensure that children and families with children are not detained solely because of their immigration status; develop strong policies and guidelines about how the various binary options canada legal drinking water to detention should be used; and review their practices to ensure that they are reflecting the best interests of the child in all decisions that affect them.
However, no Canadian law provides a mechanism to allow Canadian authorities to exercise meaningful scrutiny and oversight of the human rights impact of Canadian extractive companies operating overseas, or the extent to which those companies respect human rights in their operations. On these issues, Canadian companies operating overseas generally only must comply with the laws and regulations of the countries in which they work.
This often means the bar is set far too low. To date, victims of human rights abuses associated with Canadian mining companies operating abroad have had limited redress in Canada.
However, in a potentially ground-breaking decision in November, the British Columbia Court of Appeal ruled that a civil claim against the Canadian firm, Nevsun Resources, for alleged used of forced labor at binary options canada legal drinking water Eritrean mine could be heard in Canada.
The bill introduces some important reforms, such as increasing oversight over the security and intelligence agencies. In June, the Trudeau government overturned a previous government law that made it possible to strip dual citizens of their Canadian nationality if convicted of terrorism, treason, or espionage.
In June, Bill C received royal assent amending the Canadian Human Rights Act to add gender identity and gender expression to the list of prohibited grounds of discrimination. The bill also amends the criminal code to extend protection against hate propaganda to binary options canada legal drinking water section of the public that is distinguished by gender identity or expression while deeming that any offence motivated by bias, prejudice, or hate based on gender identity and expression as an aggravating circumstance in sentencing.
In November, Prime Minister Trudeau apologized to members of the LGBT community for actions the government took through the late s against thousands of workers in the military and the Canadian public service.
The government also announced in May that it would pardon and expunge records for any Canadians who were charged, and who still have on their records, criminal offences that are no longer on the books.
In September, Canada joined a successful Dutch-sponsored initiative at the UN Human Rights Council calling for an independent international investigation to address widespread human rights abuses in Yemen. In August, Minister Freeland ordered an investigation into the alleged use of Canadian-made military vehicles by Saudi security forces in a violent crackdown in the Shia-populated city of Awamiyah in the Eastern Province.
Canadian law limits the export of military technology to countries with a record of human rights violations. Human Rights Watch has documented a Saudi-led coalition of states committing repeated laws of war violations, some likely war crimes, in Yemen, and has repeatedly urged the Canadian government and others to stop selling weapons to Saudi Arabia until it credibly investigates and curtails its unlawful attacks. In February, Canada endorsed the Safe Schools Declaration, thereby committing to do more to protect students, teachers, and schools during times of armed conflict, including through the implementation and use of the Guidelines for Protecting Schools and Universities from Military Use during Armed Conflict.
In May, the UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Binary options canada legal drinking water urged the Canadian government to collect much-needed disaggregated data and information about persons with disabilities and remedy persistent gaps in the equal enjoyment and exercise of rights. Skip to main content. Canada Canada is a vibrant multiethnic democracy that enjoys a global reputation as a defender of human rights.